Cervical cancer screening

Women of 30-60 years of age are invited to take part in cervical cancer screening every five years. Some municipalities also invite women aged 25 and/or 65 for screening.

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Breast cancer screening

Women of 50-69 years of age are invited by personal letter to take part in breast cancer screening, or mammography, every two years.

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Colorectal cancer screening

Screening for colorectal cancer in Finland commenced in 2004 as a study. In 2014, there were 170 municipalities involved in the screening, which covered almost half of the target population. At present, there is no screening programme for colorectal cancer in Finland.

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Organising cancer screening

Under the national screening programme, municipalities are tasked with organising cancer screening.

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Data registration

Municipalities have a statutory obligation to ensure the collection of personal data on screening visits and examinations and their results, and their submission to the Mass Screening Registry. The quality of the screening is evaluated based on these data.

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Research

One task of the Mass Screening Registry is to evaluate cancer screenings. Population-based screenings must have reliable evidence to be effective. In addition, the harms of screening, its costs and its impact on the quality of life are studied.

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